2018 Summer Update
Welcome, all! Chester Fritz Library (CFL) would like to update everyone on projects in progress and news. We also have a special update from SMHS Library Resources – see the end of this newsletter!
UND Art Collections Inventory
The UND Art Collections Inventory, contained within the UND Scholarly Commons, is growing quickly, thanks to the excellent work of Sarah Heitkamp and her student staff. As of May 15, 2018, we are at 6,175 items!
Grand Opening: Elwyn B. Robinson’s History of North Dakota: A Multimedia Exhibit
On February 21, from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m., CFL hosted the Grand Opening of our inaugural digital exhibit, entitled "Elwyn B. Robinson’s History of North Dakota: A Multimedia Exhibit." Dr. Kim Porter and Dr. Susan Caraher spoke, offering insight into how Dr. Robinson’s magnum opus had affected their work and the work of Dr. William Caraher, who was unable to attend. Governor Doug Burgum and Chancellor Mark Hagerott sent formal letters of congratulation. Provost Tom DiLorenzo also offered remarks. The event was well-attended, with many UND faculty, staff, and students and local community members – several of whom shared memories of Dr. Robinson as they mingled. The Magic Box was funded via the generosity of the Myers Foundation.
Official invitation text: The Chester Fritz Library welcomes you to its first multimedia interactive exhibit celebrating Elwyn B. Robinson's History of North Dakota. This book, a standard text throughout the state’s high schools and colleges, is now a freely available open access e-book that is hosted in UND’s Scholarly Commons Digital Repository. The multimedia exhibit resides in a MagicBox display case and pulls together photos, artifacts from Special Collections, videos from UND faculty, plus allows the viewer to turn the pages of the digital book. Funding for the Magic Box generously provided by the Colonel Eugene E. Myers Foundation. Join us Wednesday, February 21st from 4:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. at the Chester Fritz Library. Refreshments will be served. Please RSVP to Carol Herman at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The exhibit remains on display. Our next Magic Box exhibit will involve the digital UND Art Collections inventory that is currently being built, which was mentioned at the beginning of this newsletter.
Open Access Statement of Support
The University Senate Library Committee, chaired by Dr. Marcia Mikulak, ably assisted by David Haberman (Law), Laurie McHenry (Law), Michaela Moen (student), Michael Dodge (Space Studies), Cristina Oancea (Public Health), Forrest Ames (Mechanical Engineering), Mark Jendrysik (Political Science & Public Administration), Mary Baker (Teaching & Learning), Dawn Denny (Nursing), and Stephanie Walker (ex officio, Dean of Libraries & Information Resources) has been hard at work this year. One initiative on which we’ve been working is a Statement of Support for Open Access, in hopes of encouraging faculty to deposit their research, whenever permissible, into the UND Scholarly Commons. Research that is made openly available has a far greater reach, readership, and impact – perhaps unsurprisingly, given the ever-rising cost of scholarly journals. One article, openly available in arXiv.org, cites the advantage in research impact of OA journal articles as anywhere from 36%-172%, depending on the discipline. We have created a draft statement, which was edited based on feedback from the University Senate Library Committee members and their colleagues in their departments, and with assistance from Jason Jenkins, UND Special Affiliate Legal Counsel, and this draft is being discussed. We hope to create a draft to present to the University Senate for discussion in Fall 2018. Many institutions have such a statement of support; some have gone even further, and created a mandate requiring faculty to deposit their research openly. We’ve no plans for a mandate; we just want to encourage faculty to deposit their research when possible. However, it’s worth noting that most federal grant agencies now require open deposit of research as a condition of funding – see NIH’s policy for more information.
Open Educational Resources (OERs)
UND issued a 4th round of OER funding. We’re pleased to announce that funding has been awarded to the following faculty members: Richard Millspaugh (Math); Tim Pasch (Communications); I-Hsuan Ho (Geological Engineering); Elizabeth Legerski (Sociology); Douglas Munski (Geography); Gary Ullrich, Thomas Zeidlik, & Paul Snyder (Aviation); Hans Broedel (History); and Yi-Ping Hsieh (Social Work). We’re especially pleased to note that Drs. Legerski, Broedel, and Millspaugh are past recipients of OER funds for other courses, and are now planning to use OERs in even more of the courses they teach! We’ll be offering workshops on incorporating OERs into teaching over the summer. Use of OERs continues to expand at UND. We now have a number of faculty using OERs in multiple courses, and some faculty have been doing research on the success of students in courses using OERs. Faculty from every College at UND are using OERs, and savings continue to accumulate: we estimate that we have saved students a maximum of just under $6.1 million since October 2015! We are continuing to accept additional applications. We ask that you review the OER FAQ guide before submitting. Questions? Please contact Stephanie Walker, Chair, OER Working Group, via email or at x2619.
Cutting the Cord
SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) has been keeping track of institutions that are cutting the cord with the Big Deal packages from major publishers such as Elsevier, Wiley, and Springer/Nature, dropping the big deals in favor of a return to buying just the individual titles they need most. The Big Deals have been increasing in price by 4 - 15% annually – averaging about 7% annually, according to the American Library Association. No library’s budget increases that quickly, and libraries have been de facto losing control over their budgets as increasingly huge percentages go to purchase Big Deals – which, while they do give patrons access to hundreds more titles than they’d have otherwise had, also have been growing and growing, as the publishers see a way to pad the package and add titles that are of marginal interest, while charging more and more. Many publishers also try to include “confidentiality” clauses in their contracts – but lately, libraries have been abiding by these less and less, as state or, in some countries, federal “sunshine” laws supercede such clauses. As well, some researchers have been using FOIA requests to get copies of the contracts, including pricing, of the bundles sold to multiple universities; they were wondering about the true value of such packages (see the full article, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences. In case you’re wondering, between Elsevier’s Science Direct, Wiley, and Springer/Nature – just 3 packages – UND spends over $1.75 million annually. Many have suggested we just "share" with NDSU – but I’m afraid that’s illegal. We can’t just go in on a database subscription together and split the cost. Information resource subscriptions do not function the way purchases of hard items like boxes of printer paper do. Rather, license costs are calculated according to the FTEs (full time equivalents, with a percentage allocated to undergraduates, graduate students, and faculty), and while we could theoretically buy Science Direct with NDSU, the price would double, and we’d each pay half, leaving us exactly where we were. We also cannot license this as an NDUS package; for one thing, no one but the 2 research institutions is interested, and for another, NDUS is too small to attract a discount from the publishers. (At a previous institutional consortium with which I am familiar, libraries across 24 institutions, serving over several hundred thousand FTEs, signed a huge deal with 5 major scientific publishers, costing over $65 million. That convinced those publishers to give the group a discount of a whopping ½% - yes, that’s half of 1 per cent.) UND does license Science Direct through the Minitex consortium – but it still goes up about 4.5-5.5% annually.
At last, I believe some of these publishers have pushed libraries and other institutions too far. Entire countries that have agreements with Wiley or Elsevier or Springer have begun refusing to sign such agreements; Germany, the Netherlands, and Finland have had lengthy negotiations and have dropped packages for months at a time before finally negotiating a solution. Most recently, in the USA, Florida State University dropped Science Direct, in favor of individual subscriptions. If you’d like to see more information, check out the following articles:
- SPARC’s Big Deal Cancellation Tracking;
- 2018 Periodicals Pricing Survey, also entitled "Death by 1000 Cuts";
- New Mexico State University’s Library Cancellation Projects guide;
- a story by Kevin Smith, a lawyer and then-Scholarly Communications Officer at Duke University about cancelling Wiley;
- Chemistry World article and The Scientist articles about a 60+ library consortium across much of Germany (which acted with the support of many faculty);
- a terrific article by Rick Anderson, Associate Dean for Collections and Scholarly Communication at the University of Utah about Big Deal cancellations across North American academic libraries (it is not a complete list, and is not intended to be, but it’s certainly interesting – and it includes many R1 and ARL libraries); and
- the Chronicle of Higher Education’s specific story on Elsevier and Florida State University.
It will be interesting to see what happens next in academic publishing, and how publishers respond when libraries not only say “enough” but actually take dramatic action. In Rick Anderson’s article, one of the most interesting points is that 79% of the withdrawals from Big Deals have happened since 2015.
UND Scholarly Commons Update
As of May 15, 2018, the UND Scholarly Commons contains 9,120 items, and 5,589 items have been downloaded since September 22, 2017. Interested in having your work added to the Commons, or having someone come speak to your department? Contact Zeineb Yousif, Digital Initiatives Librarian (x6939).
UND Scholarly Commons CV Review Service
If you are interested in having the Library review your publications from your CV, to determine what we can add (within copyright restrictions) to the UND Scholarly Commons, we’ll be happy to help! We’ve introduced a new CV review service. Just send a copy of your CV to Zeineb Yousif, Digital Initiatives Librarian. We’ll review your publications and check what the publishers of each of your articles, book chapters, etc. allows in terms of deposit in non-profit institutional repositories. Then we’ll contact you and let you know what’s feasible, and if you wish, we’ll upload items you want to share to the Commons. Research that is openly shared is more likely to be viewed, used, and cited. Boost your research impact with the UND Scholarly Commons!
CFL is pleased to announce that its year-long pilot project with the JSTOR Evidence Based Acquisitions book collection has been very successful. For just $8000, we were able to access 25,000+ high quality, scholarly, academic press e-books, from publishers such as Cambridge University Press, Yale University Press, and others. This package offers a unique purchasing model – one we hope many other vendors adopt! For one price, you get access to the full package all year, and are able to purchase whatever is well used throughout the year from that same $8000. You buy whatever you wish at the end of the year. Then for the next year, you may deposit another $8000 (or another amount) with JSTOR. You own what you have purchased, permanently – but you get ongoing access to whatever the package includes. Updates and additions are made regularly. The package was very well-used, and we will be continuing to subscribe; we have also purchased many titles. This is the first package I have seen that allows you to try the entire contents for a year before purchasing what you like.
CFL is also pleased to announce that we have purchased the complete electronic journal backfiles of some of the highly requested scholarly journal packages. We can only purchase so many each year, but this year, we were able to acquire 5 packages: the American Institute of Physics journal backfiles, the American Physical Society journal backfiles, the American Chemical Society journal backfiles, SAGE backfiles, and the Mergent backfiles. This will increase our electronic coverage for Physics, Chemistry, Social Sciences, and Business. We have also committed to purchasing the Readex Serials Set, which will replace the desperately outdated microcard format for a large set of government documents, dating from the 1700s, before the US was in its current form! (Have any of you ever seen microcards? They’re quite an experience. They pre-date microfilm and microfiche, and look like miniature photographs – practically requiring a microscope – of pages. Few libraries even have equipment that can read this format anymore.) Having the Serials Set in electronic format will hugely boost access to important government information. This is in addition to the JSTOR packages we were able to purchase last year. Every year, we do our best to expand the UND community’s access to research resources, and access to heavily requested electronic backfiles is especially critical. Unlike subscriptions, these are one-time costs, though some have an additional annual maintenance fee.
One Button Studio
We began construction on our One Button Studio in CFL! If you come into the Library, behind and to the right of the Reference Desk, you’ll see construction – and within a few weeks, the One Button Studio will be live! As noted previously, UND students have expressed a strong desire for recording facilities. Last term, at least 5-6 groups of students came wandering through the Library, seeking such a facility, and many faculty have mentioned such a need as well. Soon, we’ll be able to meet this need. One Button Studios were invented by Penn State University Libraries, and consist of a room where students enter, insert a flash drive into a computer, and push a button that activates lighting, sound, etc. Students record themselves, and when finished, they hit the button, withdraw the drive, and leave. PSU Libraries shared the code on GitHub. These facilities have been widely replicated at other institutions. In our case, the One Button Studio will not be affected by other upcoming renovations, and will remain accessible throughout. We expect construction to be complete in time for Summer 2018. Funds for this endeavor are coming from savings on our annual ODIN service costs; the Library worked with ODIN’s new leadership to substantially reduce annual fees.
We have been discussing the creation of a Visualization Lab in the Library, and are very grateful to Aaron Bergstrom, Advanced Cyberinfrastructure Manager, for his assistance in obtaining some excellent equipment for this purpose. The construction we mention in the next section will affect the location we had initially chosen, but we have plans for a temporary location, to be created over the summer. More details to follow!
Coulee to Columbia at CFL – Entrances & Reading Room
The architectural firms of Stantec and ICON have been back at CFL, and we have a contract with them to proceed with initial renovations that will cover the central “spine” of the building and entrances. These renovations will make it much easier to find your way around the building and see where you are going, as well as include some necessary upgrades to various building systems and features. We are also hopeful that initial renovations will include some upgrades to the Reading Room (colloquially called the Fish Bowl). We have had some early meetings and discussions with Stantec and ICON, and a Construction Manager At Risk was hired (Construction Engineers, the same firm that worked on the UND Law School Renovations, among many others). We expect to have more discussions shortly. These renovations will be funded via the existing CFL endowment.
Library Services Platform RFP In Progress
ODIN (Online Dakota Information Network) is a consortium of over 50 academic, public, school, and special libraries across North Dakota. It was started by Shelby Harken, Head of Technical Services at the Chester Fritz Library, many years ago, when libraries started making heavy use of technology, especially the Integrated Library Systems (ILS) that form the backbone of many library tasks, including cataloging, circulation, the OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog, as it was then called), interlibrary loans, other patron services, and much more. Quickly, the system grew; others pitched in, but still it grew and grew, until clearly, it needed to form its own office, so that libraries could collaborate and share technologies, especially the ILS. As ODIN grew, it changed ILS services more than once, as technology evolved. Now, more than 20 years later, ODIN is still going – but there have been changes. The needs of each type of member library are very different, and are diverging still further. Patrons using a middle school library have wildly different needs than faculty at research institutions. An ILS is no longer an ILS either. The services available have grown and evolved, and now, they’re called LSPs – Library Services Platforms. So why are we mentioning this? In recognition of our differing needs, for the first time, ODIN is issuing two separate RFIs/RFPs: an RFI for an LSP that will meet the needs of school and public libraries, and an RFP for an LSP that will serve academic and research libraries. Many of us have experience with such conversions, and they are labor-intensive, but very necessary. We are fortunate in that two of our experienced staff from the UND Libraries – Shelby Harken and Laurie McHenry (of the Thormodsgard Law Library) have been on the committee working on the academic RFP. The school/public RFI has been issued, and the academic/research RFP is near completion. Should a vendor be selected and the process be moved forward, a library system conversion generally takes at least 1 full year, with additional data clean-up generally taking up to another year. Given that our current product, Aleph, is no longer being developed and will soon no longer be supported by its vendor, we do not really have many options; this RFP is vital. But we also are very eager to move forward; there are many services we would like to support that are not possible with Aleph, or that have proven difficult. A new system will offer new opportunities. Stay tuned for more news.
Update from the Thormodsgard Law Library
The Law Library has completed the self-help legal collection that was purchased with the assistance of a Library Vision 2020 Grant. This summer, Tammy Oltz, David Haberman, Laurie McHenry, and Anne Mostad-Jensen will be traveling to public libraries throughout the state to talk about the collection and meet with members of the public who are interested in basic legal research training.
Update from SMHS Library Resources
Beyond the normal business of Spring semester, Library Resources has been busy with their own research. With a grant from the National Networks of Libraries of Medicine under the National Library of Medicine, Library Resources has been studying the information needs of unaffiliated health care workers in ND. It began with a survey. This last winter we interviewed those who self-identified as willing to answer further questions. Preliminary findings show that health care workers unaffiliated with a health science library mostly seek information via the Web to help with patient care including best practice/procedure information, patient handouts and drug information in addition to full text articles. From this research, we identified groups of people who wished for training or assistance to access good free health care information. Moving forward, the team will be setting up training with various groups, such as the public health care nursing units, to provide hands-on and online training. The library intends to publish their findings in the near future.
Unlike other areas of UND, the summer is a busy time for the SMHS. We have programs that start their incoming class in the summer rather than the fall such as the Occupational Therapy and Physician Assistant programs. Medical students are off to do clinical experiences at our four clinical campuses in ND. In addition, new medical residents start in hospitals across the country on July 1. UND has residents in Fargo, Bismarck, Minot and Grand Forks. Librarians in all four locations offer training and orientations to these new residents and students.
Our summer hours will be 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday.
Publications, Conference Presentations, and Posters from SMHS Library Resources Staff
- Tong QJ, Hammer KD, Johnson EM, Zegarra M, Goto M, Lo TS. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the use of prophylactic topical antibiotics for the prevention of uncomplicated wound infections. Infect Drug Resist. 2018 Mar 16;11:417-425. https://ezproxylr.med.und.edu:2243/pubmed/29588605 Note: Erika M. Johnson is the SW Clinical Campus Librarian
- Population Health Research Summit: Finding Your Narrative, sponsored by CRCAIH and CHOPR CoBRE Poster “Supporting Your Narrative” - With Marcia Francis, Dawn Hackman, Michael Skinner, and Kelly Thormodson – 2018 - https://commons.und.edu/smhs-lp/2/
- North Dakota Collaborative Spring Conference, “Building Bridges to the Future.” The conference was sponsored by the NDCTM and NDSTA Paper “Anatomy to Zoology: A to Z online ‘freebies’ from NLM” - 2018
- Kelly Thormodson, Director, Library Resources. 2018 Medical Library Association Annual Meeting – Atlanta, GA. Poster - “Mapping the Competencies: ARL to Core EPAs and ACGME” – with Heather Collins, Iris Kovar-Gough, Elizabeth Lorbeer, Nancy Adams, Emily Brennan, Joey Nicholson, Rikke Ogawa, Ruth Riley, Neil Rambo, Judy Spak and Megan von Isenburg
- Kelly Thormodson, Director, Library Resources. 2018 Medical Library Association Annual Meeting – Atlanta, GA. Paper - “Identifying the role of the medical librarian in clinical competency entrustment” – with With Heather Collins, Iris Kovar-Gough, Elizabeth Lorbeer, Nancy Adams, Emily Brennan, Joey Nicholson, Rikke Ogawa, Ruth Riley, Neil Rambo, Judy Spak and Megan von Isenburg – 2018
Darin Buri, Manager of the F.D. Holland Jr. Geology Library, and Laurie McHenry, Head of Technical Services at the Thormodsgard Law Library, both won Meritorious Service Awards at this year’s Staff Service Awards. Congratulations, Darin and Laurie!
Thank you, and we look forward to continuing to serve you and work with you.
Stephanie Walker, Dean of Libraries & Information Resources
Chester Fritz Library, University of North Dakota
(updated 25 May 2018)